In this paper we present an overview of security threats to the cyber infrastructure of industrial and power plants and the current state of affairs of industrial and SCADA cyber security. Control systems security is of prime importance especially for energy sector. North American Electric Reli-ability Council (NERC) has issued mandatory rules which must be complied by 2010 by all registered power opera-tors in order to ensure control systems security for power plants. Cyber security assessment was conducted on ICS (Industrial control systems) of different companies for a period of four years and several vulnerabilities were iden-tiﬁed. Main problems included use of weak encryption,standard protocols and information disclosure using unen-crypted communication among ICS hosts on the network.
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Industrial control systems (ICS) surround us: they are used across multiple sectors including electricity, water and wastewater, oil and natural gas, transportation, chemical, pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, food and beverage, and discrete manufacturing (e.g., automotive, aerospace, and durable goods). Smart cities, smart houses, smart cars, and medical equipment – all of these are driven by ICS.
Industrial Control Systems (ICS) monitor and control in- dustrial processes, and enable automation in industry facilities. Many of these facilities are regarded as Critical Infrastructures (CIs). Due to the increasing use of Commercial-Oﬀ-The-Shelf (COTS) IT products and connectivity oﬀerings, CIs have become an attractive target for cyber-attacks. A successful attack could have signiﬁcant consequences. An important step in securing Critical Information Infrastructures (CIIs)against cyber-attacks is risk analysis – understanding security risks, based on a systematic analysis of information on vulnerabilities, cyber threats, and the impacts related to the targeted system. Existing risk analysis approaches have various limitations, such as scalability and practicability problems. In contrast to previous work, we propose a practical and vulnerability-centric risk analysis approach for determining security risks associated with advanced, multi-step cyber-attacks. In order to ex- amine multi-step attacks that exploit chains of vulnerabilities, we map vulnerabilities into preconditions and eﬀects,and use rule-based reason- ing for identifying advanced attacks and their path through a CII.
This document was developed to provide guidance for the implementation of secure datatransfer in a complex computational infrastructure representative of the electric power and oiland natural gas enterprises and the control systems they implement.
Internet of things(ioT) is rapidly incresasing technology.IOT is the network of physical objects or things embeded with electronic software, sensors, and network connectivity which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. In this paper, we are developing a system which will automatically monitor the industrial applications and generate Alerts/Alarms or take intelligent decisions using concept of IoT. Safety from leaking of raw gas and fire are the most important requirements of home and industries security system for people. A traditional security system gives the signals in terms of alarm.
In this we create Virtual reality based ongoing industrial machine control framework for utilizing remote innovation.It comprises of two areas Virtual unit and Industrial unit. Utilizing virtual unit when the switch is squeezed/contacted it sendsthe information to industrial unit through transmitter .Here the transmitter is gotten and after that activity is executed .Due toutilizing of this strategy makes human free of clean and soil, it can been utilized at a short scope of separation .The task isspeedier and ready to effortlessly access in the range Virtual reality applications grow up these days. These applications areproduced for the PCs as well as for implanted frameworks, for example, amusement reassure, Smartphone, touchpad. Therestricted touchpad assets and system correspondence between touchpad require an adjustment to condition commotions. Theapplication is absorbed to a virtual reality application .There are a wide range of sorts of pointing gadgets for connectionamongst human and PC. A standout amongst the most utilized and created pointing gadgets is the mouse. Be that as it may,conventional mouse has a constrained level of controls. Another gadget is the touchpad, the partner of the mouse that isgenerally implanted on PCs. Touchpad fundamentally has an indistinguishable control from the mouse, yet it can have extracontrols since it has an alternate collaboration technique contrasted with the mouse. In this paper we talk about virtualtouchpad, a touchpad manufactured utilizing a webcam and some current PC vision strategies, for the most part hand location.It utilizes a bit of rectangular question as the cushion and works simply like a touchpad with a couple of extra controls. Thevirtual touchpad assembled bolsters clicking (i.e. left snap, right snap and center snap) and signals acknowledgment byutilizing control of hand and finger position. The signals perceived by this touchpad are straightforward motions e.g. making avertical line, even line, V shape, et cetera. In spite of the fact that the virtual touchpad is as yet a model, the vast majority of theclient who tried this gadget thinks that its fascinating and said that it would be valuable if grew further.
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